A guide To Academic Writing
Conciseness is paramount in academic writing. Tightly woven words help show clarity of thoughts and emphasize the substantive information in your paper, preventing the readers from being distracted with filler words. Further, writing concisely is a secret weapon to keep your paper within the stipulated word limit without compromising on key information.
Here are our top 11 tips that will get you writing concisely; number eleven is not to be missed!
1. Get active at using active voice
Active voice is almost always preferred in academic writing. In an active sentence, the subject (that does the action) comes at the beginning of the sentence, while a passive sentence begins with an object (on which the action is performed). Active voice helps keep the sentence to the point, while passive voice leads to unnecessary wordiness.
Passive voice: The signs of distress were exhibited by the patient before the procedure.
Active voice: The patient exhibited signs of distress before the procedure.
2. Say no to nominalizations
Nominalization means changing an adjective or a verb in the form of a noun such as “development” instead of “develop,” and “formulation” instead of “formulate.” Nominalization is common in academic writing. However, it should be avoided as it not only adds complexity and abstraction to the language but also makes a sentence unnecessarily long and vague.
Before: Researchers came to a conclusion that for the development of an effective method…
After: Researchers concluded that to develop an effective method…
3. Abolish adverbs and adjectives
Instead of strengthening your point with adjectives and adverbs, support it with more evidence such as data, quantities and quotes.
Before: The wind was extremely strong in that area.
After: The area experienced severe wind at 55–63 mph.
4. Strike the right balance
Achieving the right sentence length is a balancing act. While wordy phrases can affect the tone of the paper and are a sign of verbiage, sentences that are too short can come across as choppy and informal. Removing excessive coordinating conjunctions (e.g. and, but, or, yet, so), breaking up long sentences, or combining a string of short sentences are a few ways to strike the right balance.
Before: The subprime mortgage crisis occurred in the US. It led to a financial turmoil around the world.
After: The US subprime mortgage crisis led to financial turmoil around the world.
5. Fix wordiness with prefixes
Substituting prefixes for “not” reduces the sentence length by eliminating an extra word.
Before: The observed reaction was not common.
After: The observed reaction was uncommon.
Apart from such prefixes, the “not” combination words can also be altered by using other words that convey the same meaning.
Before: Despite rigorous practice, her performance was not improving.
After: Despite rigorous practice, her performance was stagnating.
6. Embrace apostrophes
Save a few words by replacing prepositions, such as “of”, “on”, “in”, with apostrophes (‘s or s’).
Before: The police interrogated the family of the victim.
After: The police interrogated the victim’s family.
Before: They stayed in the best hotel in the city.
After: They stayed in the city’s best hotel.
7. Disqualify qualifiers
Qualifiers such as “really”, “very”, “actually” and “basically” are seldom necessary in academic writing. Simply deleting these words can shorten your sentence by a couple of words at least and strengthen the language.
Before: The child became very sad on not receiving the toy he really wanted.
After: The child became upset on not receiving the toy he wanted.
8. Reduce redundancy
Redundant phrases or word, using double negatives, and overemphasizing add to the sentence length as well as make your writing appear sloppy.
Before: The end result was that the liquid was red in color.
After: The resulting liquid was red.
9. Stop rambling phrases from creeping into your sentences
Before: Thus, principal component analysis performed better than Cronbach’s alpha.
After: Thus, principal component analysis outperformed Cronbach’s alpha.
Before: A lot of words in this sentence are not required.
After: Several words in this sentence are unnecessary.
10. Delete unnecessary modifiers
Though modifiers can help clarify a sentence, they are often used despite the word or phrase already implying it.
Before: The communities that are local rarely invest internationally.
After: The local communities rarely invest internationally.
11. Get practicing
Rome was not built in a day. Similarly, writing concisely requires regular practice. So, try these tips in your everyday writing and make writing concisely second-nature. Also, after you have written your manuscript, consider seeking services of professional academic editors who not only correct the grammar, but also improve the consistency and coherency of your manuscript.Receive an individualized quote!